in this post and this one I described a couple of nice examples of correlation vs. causation cognitive biases. There are litterally hundreds out there that can be added. By doing a little search i came across a few nice examples using charts, here is a collection of my faourite ones, in no particular order.
Examples of correlations that have nothing to do with causation
Posted in Cognitive and Data Biases, Data Visualization, Digital Analytics and tagged analytics, causality bias, cognitive bias, correlation, data, data visualization.